Earlier this week, BP issued its annual “Statistical Review of World Energy" report. According to the report, coal was the fastest-growing fossil fuel worldwide last year, and "coal’s share of global primary energy consumption reached 30.1 percent, the highest since 1970". Despite a decrease in coal usage by North America and Europe over the past several years (due in large part to cheaper natural gas), global coal consumption has risen to new highs, driven by the growing and power-hungry markets of China and India. And, as might be expected, worldwide carbon emissions grew again last year, by another 2.1 percent. Despite increasing urgency from the scientific community to reduce carbon emissions to head off climate disaster, and the small but growing use of renewable energy sources, coal appears to be the fuel of choice at the moment, and predictions are that its usage will continue to rise.
"China is the world’s single largest carbon dioxide polluter. Roughly 75% of Chinese electricity comes from coal power, which means China burns almost as much coal as the rest of the world combined.
In 2012, China’s carbon dioxide emissions reached a whopping nine billion tons, which is more than any other nation. China is responsible for roughly a quarter of global CO2 emissions, and the pollution continues to increase. In the last 20 years, Chinese emissions have grown by 240 percent.
Environmental destruction and air pollution have reached incredible levels in China. Rivers fill with toxic sludge and factories release dangerous chemicals into the ground water.
Hundreds of millions of Chinese people live without access to clean drinking water.
Sixteen of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in China.”
- Niko Kettunen
* Nikola Tesla is the inventor of alternating current [AC] electrical supply system and Tesla demonstrated wireless energy transfer to power electronic devices in 1891.
Nikola Tesla, with Ruder Boskovic's bookTheoria Philosophiae Naturalis, sits in front of the spiral coil of his high-frequency transformer at East Houston Street, New York. [WIKIPEDIA]
* FYI, this incredible Serbian American scientist/inventor’s name is Nikola with the “K,” not “C”
Coal in the world today
- A boy works at a coal depot on April 16, 2011 in Jaintia Hills, India. Some of the labor is forced, and an Indian NGO group, Impulse, estimates that 5,000 privately-owned coal mines in Jaintia Hills employed some 70,000 child miners. The government of Meghalaya refuted this figure, claiming that the mines had only 222 minor workers. Despite the ever present dangers and hardships, children, migrants and locals flock to the mines hoping to strike it rich in India’s wild east. (Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images) #
- Railway workers push a wagon loaded with coal back to its track after it derailed at Sabarmati power house in Ahmedabad, India on September 7, 2011. Four people were injured after six wagons of a goods train carrying coal got derailed due to heavy rains. (Amit Dave/Reuters) #
- A young woman stumbles as she tries to carry a large basket of coal as they illegally scavenge at an open-cast mine in the village of Bokapahari, India, where a community of coal scavengers live and work. The contrast between India old and new is nowhere more vivid than among the villages of coal scavengers in eastern India, sitting on an apocalyptic landscape of smoke and fire from decades-old underground coal fires. While India grows ever more middle-class and awash in creature comforts, these villagers risk their lives scavenging coal illegally for a few dollars a day, and come back to homes that at any moment could be swallowed by a fresh fire-induced crack in the earth. (Kevin Frayer/AP) #
- Relatives identify bodies of killed miners at the Sizhuang Coal Mine after a gas leak in Shizong county in China’s Yunnan province on November 11, 2011. Hundreds of rescuers took turns descending into the illegally operated coal mine to search for miners trapped by a gas leak in the country’s second deadly mining accident in less than a week. (AP)#
- A child sifts the usable residue from the ashes of coal used at a brick factory during the cold days of a harsh winter in Surkhroad, Afghanistan on January 30, 2012. (Rahmat Gul/Associated Press)#
* The Price Of Coal